Virginia Animal Control Training

Editorial: Animal control officers: in harm s way | Alexandria Times

1. Animal health

This sheet describes good agricultural practices (GAP) to ensure that animals that produce milk are healthy and that there is an effective health care program. The BPA can be replaced by national, international or market requirements, in many milk producing countries.

The BPA for animal health are set out under the following headings:

1.1 To prevent the introduction of diseases on the farm

1.2 Have an effective herd health management

1.3 use medications as they are prescribed by a veterinarian or as directed on the label that

1.4 adequately train personnel

1.1 To prevent the introduction of diseases on the farm.

1.1.1 Only buy animals from the time that their situation with regard to diseases and control entry to exploitation

The most effective way to prevent the spread of infectious diseases is to maintain a closed herd. This means that no animals enter the herd outside, and animals that no longer belong to the flock can re-enter. In practice this is difficult to achieve, so it is essential to maintain strict control of any animal. The disease risk may also be increased when grazing animals share or facilities.

Prior to its introduction on the farm, all animals should be screened for diseases, especially those that are common in the region of origin or in the new location. This means that each animal should have:

An identification system allowing traceability from origin (birth to death), and

Some kind of statement from the seller in detailing the herd health status and any treatment / vaccination, etc.., Who has taken or is taking place (this means that potential sellers of cattle must maintain adequate records and permanent disease and its treatment).

If the health status is unknown, the cattle to be introduced to the farm should be kept in quarantine, separated from the existing herd during the appropriate time period. Keep all records of the movements in and out of the farm animals.

1.1.2 Ensure that the transport of animals to and from the farm, does not introduce disease

Potential buyers of livestock should always ask and be told if the animals are sick or diseased. It is preferable not to transport any animal that is sick. The sacrifice of any animal, should be required, shall be carried out by trained personnel or by a veterinarian. All dead animals shall be buried or disposed of in accordance with legal regulations.

Source: www.fao.org


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